In terms of data science programming languages, R and Python are at the top of the list. Of course , understanding two of them is the best option. R and Python are time-consuming to learn, and not everyone has that luxury. Python is a popular programming language with an easy-to-understand syntax. R, on the other hand, was created by statisticians and includes their special language. If one wants to inculcate Data science tools in his/her skillset, it can be followed at Knowledgehut data science bootcamps.
Both R and Python are widely used open-source programming languages. New libraries or tools are introduced to their respective catalogues regularly. R is mostly used for statistical analysis, whereas Python is more suitable for building end-to-end data science pipelines. For more information on data science course fees click here.
These two open-source languages seem remarkably similar in many aspects. Both languages are free to download and use for data science operations related to data processing and mechanization to data analysis and research. The most significant distinction would be that Python is a general-purpose programming language, whereas R is a statistical analysis tool. In this blog, we’ll go over some of the r vs python data science content, as well as how they’re used in data science and statistics. More on Data Science Bootcamp Training can be followed at data science bootcamps.
What is Python?
Python is a general-purpose, object-oriented programming language that uses white space extensively to improve code readability. Python, which was first released in 1989, is a popular programming language among programmers and developers. Python is one of the most widely used programming languages, trailing behind Java and C.
You can learn about python for data science and enhance your skillset for pursuing a career. Python can perform many of the same activities as R, including data manipulation, engineering, feature selection, web scraping, and app development. Python is a programming language that can be used to deploy and execute machine learning on a big scale. Python code is more versatile and robust than R code. Python does not have many gathering and analysis, and machine learning modules a few years ago. Python has recently caught up and now offers cutting-edge APIs for machine learning and artificial intelligence. Numpy, Pandas, Scipy, Scikit-learn, and Seaborn are five Python libraries that can be used to perform most data science tasks. Get to know more about top 15 R libraries for data science.
Python is intended to be a very understandable language. It typically uses English terms instead of punctuation and has fewer syntactical structures than other languages. Python is a must-have skill for students around the world who want to become exceptional software engineers, particularly if they work in the Web Development field. I’ll go over some of the primary benefits of learning Python:
- Python is interpreted: Python is handled by the interpreter at runtime. Before running your software, users need not require compiling. This is comparable to the programming languages PERL and PHP.
- Python is Interactive: You can sit at a Python interface and write your programs by interacting directly with the interpreter.
- Python is Object-Oriented: Python supports the Object-Oriented programming style or approach, which encapsulates code inside objects.
- Python is a Complete beginner Language: Python is an excellent language for beginning programmers, as it allows for the creation of a variety of programs, ranging from simple text analysis to web browsers and games.
Python supports both utilitarian and structured programming methodologies, as well as object-oriented programming (OOP). It can be used as a scripting language or compiled into byte-code for large-scale application development. It allows dynamic type verification and supports extremely high-level dynamic data types
What is R?
R is a free and open-source programming language for quantitative analysis and data visualization. R, which was first released in 1992, has a diverse ecosystem that includes complex information models and beautiful data reporting capabilities. For simpler statistical analysis, visualization, and reporting, R is often used within RStudio which is an Integrated Development Environment (IDE). Shiny allows R programmes to be utilized immediately and actively on the web.
In 1995, Ross Ihaka and Robert Gentleman released R, an open-source adaptation of the S programming language. The goal was to create a language that aimed at making data analysis, statistics, and graphical models easier and more user-friendly. R was first used mostly in academia and research, but it has recently gained popularity in the business world. As a result, R has become one of the most used statistical languages in the business world.
R’s vast community, which offers assistance through mailing groups, user-contributed documentation, and a very prominent Stack Overflow group, is one of its key strengths. CRAN, a massive repository of curated R packages that anyone can freely contribute to, is another option. These packages contain a set of R functions and data that make it simple to get started with the most up-to-date techniques right now. CRAN (open-source repository) contains approximately 12000 packages. R is the preferred option for statistical analysis, particularly for specialist analytical tasks, due to its extensive library.
R offers a wide range of libraries and tools for the following steps:
- Data cleansing and preparation
- Making visual representations
- Machine learning & Deep Learning algorithms
Get to know more about how to use scala for data science.
When and How to Use R?
R is primarily utilized when data analysis tasks necessitate isolated computing or processing on separate servers. Because of the large number of packages and readily accessible tests that often offer you the appropriate tools to get up and running, it’s fantastic for exploratory work and useful for practically any form of data analysis.
R is even capable of being used as part of a big data solution. Installing the RStudio IDE, which makes R user-friendly for those without programming experience, is a recommended initial step for getting started with R. If one wants to learn about various important R packages, it can follow at top libraries of R
Some of the Important Packages to be installed are as follows :
- dplyr, plyr and data.table for manipulation of the packages
- caret for performing various ML (Machine Learning) operations
- stringr for performing String Manipulation
- ggvis, lattice, and ggplot2 for data visualization purposes
- zoo for performing operations with regular/irregular time series data
When and How to Use Python?
When data analysis operations need to be connected with web apps or statistical code needs to be embedded into a production database, Python is a good choice. It’s a wonderful tool for implementing algorithms for operational use because it’s a full-fledged programming language.
To use Python for data analysis, you’ll need to install
- NumPy/SciPy (scientific /computational operations)
- pandas (data manipulation)
- matplotlib for plotting and data visualization
- scikit-learn for machine learning
Python is smooth and easy to learn owing to its simple syntax. It’s thought to be a useful language for new programmers.
The Main Difference Between R and Python: Data Analysis Goals
The approach to data science is where the two languages differ the most. Large communities support both open-source programming languages, which are constantly expanding their libraries and tools. However, although R is primarily used for quantitative, statistical analysis, Python offers a broader approach to data manipulation. However, although R is primarily being used for statistical analysis, Python offers a broader approach to data manipulation.
Python, like C++ and Java, is a multi-purpose language with a legible syntax that is simple to pick up. Python is used by programmers in scalable production environments to conduct data analysis and machine learning. R, on the other hand, is a statistical programming language that relies largely on statistical models and specialized analytics. R is a statistical programming language that allows data scientists to perform in-depth statistical research with only a few code lines and stunning data visualizations.
R vs Python for data science being done below:
A) Collection of Data
Python can handle a wide range of data types, from CSV files to web-sourced JSON. SQL tables can also be imported directly into Python scripts. The Python requests package makes it simple to gather data from the web and use it to generate datasets in web development. R, on the other hand, was created for data analysts who need to integrate data from Excel, CSV, and text files.
B) Learning Curve
The learning curve for Python is very smooth and linear. R, on the other hand, is difficult at the beginning.
C) Data Visualization
While Python does not have a strong visualization package, you can utilize the Matplotlib module to create rudimentary graphs and charts. In addition, the Seaborn module enables you to create more visually appealing and informative statistical visuals in Python. R, on the other hand, was designed to show the findings of statistical analysis, with the fundamental graphics module making it simple to build basic charts and plots.
D) Types of Users
The user base for python mostly consists of Developers/Programmers. R, on the other hand, consists of Research scholars.
E) Data Modeling
Common Python libraries for data modelling are Numpy for numerical modelling analysis, SciPy for scientific computing and calculations, and scikit-learn for machine learning techniques. In the case of R, we may need to use packages outside of R’s core functionality for specific data modelling and analysis in R.
R: Pros and Cons
- R has a vibrant community and a thriving ecosystem of cutting-edge packages. CRAN, Bioconductor, and GitHub all have packages.
- R is a statistical programming language created by statisticians for statisticians. They can use R code and packages to explain ideas and concepts. We don’t need a Computer Science/ Technical background to get started.
- R is more suited for the visualization of data because of its powerful packages like ggplot2, googleVis , rCharts and ggvis
- R is difficult at the very beginning to learn in contrast to python
- R’s programs and functions are divided into several packages. As a result, it is slower than programs like MATLAB and Python.
- Due to the large number of libraries in CRAN, some of the packages are of poor quality.
Python: Pros and Cons
- Python is a simple and intuitive general-purpose programming language. This results in a relatively flat learning curve, as well as an increase in the speed with which you can build programs.
- Python is very easy to understand and due to its simplicity, it is productive in nature. Developers do not need to spend a lot of time learning the programming language’s syntax or behavior.
- During execution, Python allocates the data type automatically. Naming variables and their data types are not a concern for the programmer/developer.
- Python code is being executed line by line. However, because Python is an interpreted language, it frequently results in delayed execution.
- Data visualization in python is less appealing or attractive in contrast to R.
- It does not provide a replacement for the hundreds of necessary R packages.
We can conclude in this blog that opting for r or python normally depends upon the following.
- The main objective of the operation: Python generally suits those operations in which deployment is being focused at. R, on the other hand, is usually suited when data analysis is being focused on.
- The amount of time for learning from the very beginning also decides which language to go for. Python is most suited when time is less as being easy to learn whereas R, being more difficult than python, is suited when an ample amount of time is available.
- Respective Organization/Industry in which we are working using which tool (R or Python).
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
1. Which is better, R or Python for data science?
R is better suited for Data visualization and analysis part whereas for Machine Learning/Deep Learning and developing models Python is more suitable
2. Is R better than Python?
R is better than python when Data Analysis, Data Visualization, and Statistical learning are being focused on. In the case of Machine Learning/Deep Learning python is more suitable
3. Is R better than Python for machine learning?
R is better suited for Data/ Statistical analysis with its libraries generally suited for data analysis purposes. Python is more focused on developing and building Machine learning models because its libraries have real-based applicability.
4. Do data scientists use both R and Python?
R is better suited for Data visualization and analysis part whereas for Machine Learning/Deep Learning and developing models Python is more suitable. Therefore, it depends upon the type of operation Data scientists want to perform.